Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Surgery is a unicompartmental procedure used to resurface the inside or outside of the knee or the kneecap joint. (A full knee replacement involves all three compartments.) This partial knee-replacement procedure is minimally invasive and available for active patients with moderate to severe arthritis in typically one or sometimes two compartments. While some Mako surgeries can be done on an outpatient basis, Dr. Hummel notes that older patients and those with other medical conditions may require a short hospital stay.
Dr. Hummel emphasizes that this type of robotic surgery is essentially an extension of a well-trained surgeon's arm and expert medical intent. The surgeon uses the RIO Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopaedic System as a tool that allows him to be more precise with incisions and the positioning of the implant. Prior to surgery, Dr. Hummel uses CT scans and X-rays to create a 3D model of the knee and formulate his surgical plan, which is then programmed into the RIO. During the procedure, he moves the robotic arm along the assigned pathway. The human factor for error is removed at this point, which makes this procedure unique, he says. "If I vary from my plan - by even 1 millimeter - it stops. I'm still doing all the work, but it makes sure that exactly what's in my head is translated onto the patient."
Learn more about Robotic-Arm Assisted Surgery HERE.